Information 9
 
There is no prescribed route to follow to arrive at a new idea. You have to make the intuitive leap. But the difference is that once you've made that intuitive leap you have to justify it by filling in the intermediate steps.
~Stephen Hawking
Fermi-jobs

Here are sample descriptions for different jobs at Fermilab.

Associate Scientist—Experimental Astrophysics
The Sloan Digital Sky Survey will produce data from five years of astronomical observation. The associate scientist will perform independent research on projects. This research may be in collaboration with other Fermilab scientists and/or scientists from other participating institutions. Must have a Ph.D. in astronomy, physics, or a related field and experience with astronomical research and data. Good communication skills and the ability to work as a part of a team are required.

Computer Professional—Online and Database Systems
Professional needed to develop and organize the data management computer programs for the Fermilab Collider Experiment. Participate in the designing and implementing of a data delivery system. Design a data network organizing different types of scientific results. Masters degree or higher in Computer Enginering, Computer Science, High-Energy Physics, or a related field. Experience with object-oriented programming (such as C++) necessary.

Mail Carrier
Sorts, delivers, and picks up mail and parcels. Assist in delivering mail to various laboratory buildings and the U.S. Post Office when assigned. Must have a high school education, a driver's license, and a superior driving record.

Fire Fighter
Must have necessary skills in fire fighting. Will answer emergency phone calls, drive ambulances, and administer first aid when required. Other tasks include inspections and alarm systems testings. Applicants need a high school diploma (AA in Fire Science preferred) and a driver's license. Applicants must also be Illinois State Certified Firefighters II and Emergency Medical Technicians.

Budget Analyst
In need of an analyst able to prepare cost and budget reports. Will be in charge of files and funding requests for various projects. Knowledge of computer programs needed to produce financial reports is essential. B.A. or B.S. in finance, business, or economics. Four years of budget/cost control experience. This position requires a person who has the ability to function in an environment where priorities change rapidly, who has strong interpersonal skills, and who also has strong financial ability.

Engineer—Engineering and Fabrication
The Engineering and Fabrication Group is involved in the research, development, design, and fabrication of magnets for particle accelerators and detectors. The engineer will participate in the design and analysis of superconducting magnets, will perform cost/benefit studies, and will prepare schedules. Should have a B.S. or M.S. in mechanical engineering with a solid background in mechanical design and materials. Familiarity with finite element analysis techniques and good verbal and communication skills are required.


Extra Protons Make Cancer Treatment Possible

The microwave: a creation that has enabled everyone to enjoy popcorn and reheated leftovers with less time and effort. Suprisingly, though, the invention of the microwave was the result of the magnetron, a detector developed by the Allies to locate German planes during World War II. The scientists who invented the magnetron did not have microwave popcorn in mind while they were working. Similarly, Fermilab scientists did not plan to treat cancer with their particle accelerators. This, however, is exactly what is happening at the Fermilab Neutron Therapy Facility.
The idea for the facility originated at a conference in the early 1970s during a discussion about the properties of the Linear Accelerator (aka the "Linac"). A scientist at the meeting observed that the Linac would accelerate more protons than the higher-energy accelerators would be able to use. He suggested looking into alternative uses for the extra protons—perhaps even medical applications.
Fermilab researchers formed a committee to investigate the possibilities. After talking to several physicians and
scientists, the Fermilab group determined that they could implement a very effective treatment for cancer by using the excess protons to create a neutron beam.
They began making the necessary modifications to the equipment. The next step was to recruit a knowledgeable physician to start the program. Lionel Cohen, a South African physician with the best reputation in the field, arrived in 1973 to fill the job. With a grant
conventional radiation [which uses photons, or high-energy light], it's always possible for the cancer DNA to repair itself," explained Arlene Lennox, the current head of the Neutron Therapy Facility. The higher potency of neutron radiation is what makes the treatment more effective. A relatively small number of patients have tumors that require this type of treatment, but once they've gone through the program, their chances of remission are very high.
Currently, the facility treats about 100 patients every year for a variety of cancers. The program has the ability to treat more people, but most cancer patients, as well as many physicians, are still unaware that this kind of treatment is available. "My long-term goal is to make more people recognize the value of the therapy," said Lennox.
Lennox is also currently investigating techniques that could prevent or reverse some of the side effects that result from this or any type of radiation therapy.
For information, or to volunteer, write to: Midwest Institute for Neutron Therapy at Fermilab, MS 301, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL 60510 or call (630) 840-3865.
Arlene Lennox is head of the Neutron Therapy Facility.
from the National Cancer Institute, he began his work. From 1976 to 1985, the facility performed clinical trials to make sure that the treatment would work.
So far, the treatment has been successful. The secret to the therapy's achievements lies in the particles it uses. Neutron therapy directs a beam of neutrons to a tumor. Neutrons have the ability to destroy cancerous DNA, so that "it can't repair itself. With