A Symposium on the Nature of Science
Fermilab's Wilson Hall
THE LARGE-SCALE NATURE OF THE UNIVERSEP. James E. Peebles
The evidence is that our universe has not always been the way it is now; it is expanding from a much hotter, denser state. The picture is far from complete, for we cannot say for sure why the universe is expanding, what it was doing before it was expanding, or how it all will end. I will present some astronomical pictures and other images that show what our universe is like, in the large-scale average, and illustrate the main pieces of evidence for its general expansion and cooling. I will also comment on some of the research aimed at filling in the details of the evolution of our universe.
Phillip J. E. Peebles is a U.S. Citizen who was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Professor Peebles received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1958 from the University of Manitoba and his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1962. He joined the faculty of the Princeton Physics Department where he remained throughout his career. In 1984 he became the Albert Einstein Professor of Science at Princeton.
He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Physical Society; the Royal Society, the Royal Society of Canada; and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences. He is a member of the American Astronomical Society.
Professor Peebles has received numerous honorary doctoral degrees from universities in the US, Canada, Belgium and Spain. He held the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the AAS and various lectureships including the Silliman Lectureship, Yale, the de Vaucouleurs Lectureship, University of Texas and the Jansky Lectureship, NRAO, He was the Feshbach Lecturer at MIT, the McPherson Lecturer at McGill University, the Danz Professor at the University of Washington and the Klein Lecturer at the University of Stockholm.
He received the A.C. Morrison Award in National Science from the NY Academy of Sciences, the Eddington Medal, Royal Astronomical Society, the Heineman Prize, American Astronomical Society, the Robinson Prize, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, the Bruce Medal, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, the Lemaitre Award, Université catholique de Louvain and the Gold Medal from the Royal Astronomical Society.
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