Tutorial on Problem-Based Learning


Steps - Background - Socratic Taxonomy - Brainstorming - Research Plan - References

Following the acquisition of the "ill-structured" problem, students need to establish learning issues within the context of the problem. Mind maps (also known as concept maps) and/or know/need to know charts will benefit students in the following ways:

Rules for brainstorming generally include the following:

Format A: Sample Mind Map

Format B: Know/Need to Know Chart Adapted from Stepien, Gallagher, & Workman, 1993

Background on KWL and Mind Maps

After students have completed these preliminary steps, they will determine their research questions. The questions will be derived from the students' analysis of what they know. We expect them to refine these questions as students gather new knowledge and test their initial ideas. Typical questions may be based on discrepant events, incongruities, anomolies or the implied purpose of the initial letter. Students will strive to "fill in the gaps" of knowledge and understanding through their research.

Throughout the brainstorming component, all students will be keeping notes in their journals.